5 Major Steps on the Process of Organizational Development
Process of Organizational Development : The OD process consists of five major steps:
Process of Organizational Development
(1) Problem Identification:
The first step in OD is about awareness of ‘he problem including knowledge about the performance of an institution, its prestige, students’ and teachers’ satisfaction with the school/college, use of Human resources and problems with institutional effectiveness and health.
(2) Data Collection:
Once the problem is understood, the next step is •o collect necessary data using a variety of tools such as questionnaires, Attitude scales, rating scales and techniques such as interviews and Observations. The nature of tools and techniques of data collection would depend on the type of data required.
It depends on the preciseness of data, accurate processing data, analytical skills and observational skills of the person dealing with the information, experience and judgement of the person involved in diagnosis of the problem.
Effectiveness of the OD intervention programme depends upon sound and rational decision-making wherein attention must be paid to strengths and weaknesses of an institution, Attitudes, assumptions, availability of resources, motivation and ability of Subordinates and so forth.
Diagnosis helps in locating the source of a particular problem and in identifying the changes required in the system its structure and human resources.
(4) Planning and Implementation:
Next step is to plan and implement change. At this stage, appropriate intervention programme is Selected and applied for changing individuals, groups, structural aspects or the total institution.
At the end of implementing change, feedback is obtained from students, parents and teachers through special sessions, reports 4nd tools. Feedback must be carefully handled due to emotions involved in it. This should be used for modifying the intervention programme if required. Evaluation should be based on a broad array of data obtained in a scientific manner.
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